Opinión

Los físicos, la sublimación inversa y los mercados en la India

logo
Los físicos, la sublimación inversa y los mercados en la India
El Independiente

Resumen:

Esto de la economía y los mercados puede resultar más aburrido que escuchar una partida de ajedrez por la radio. Supongo que el secreto está en ser capaz de entusiasmar al hablar del tipo de cambio efectivo en competencia imperfecta (algo tan difícil como que un físico entusiasme al hablar de la sublimación inversa o la presión de los gases). En fin. Voy a intentarlo, aunque sólo sea por si ese pequeño asunto pecuniario, y que tiene que ver con la idea del beneficio, les despierta el interés.

{"ct":"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","iv":"bde613b2e5b41457ee4cf43952e33443","s":"84c97b1154df769a"}